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Informatica Sorter Transformation properties in details

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Informatica Sorter Transformation properties. Last time, we started with introduction of sorter transformation in informatica. We covered basic of Informatica Sorter Transformation properties. We also saw how to add sorter transformation in informatica. We checked why sorter transformation is active Transformation. In this article, we will go through Informatica Sorter Transformation properties in more details.

Informatica Sorter Transformation properties in details

Example of Sorter Transformation in Informatica

Informatica Sorter Transformation properties in details

The Sorter transformation has several properties that specify additional sort criteria. The Integration Service applies these criteria to all sort key ports. The Sorter transformation properties also determine the system resources the Integration Service allocates when it sorts data.

Check here for Sequence generator transformation properties in informatica.

Sorter Cache Size in Sorter Transformation

The Integration Service uses the Sorter Cache Size property to determine the maximum amount of memory it can allocate to perform the sort operation. The Integration Service passes all incoming data into the Sorter transformation before it performs the sort operation. You can configure a numeric value for the Sorter cache, or you can configure the Integration Service to determine the cache size at run time. If you configure the Integration Service to determine the cache size, you can also configure a maximum amount of memory for the Integration Service to allocate to the cache. If the total configured session cache size is 2 GB (2,147,483,648 bytes) or greater, you must run the session on a 64-bit Integration Service.

Before starting the sort operation, the Integration Service allocates the amount of memory configured for the Sorter cache size. If the Integration Service runs a partitioned session, it allocates the specified amount of Sorter cache memory for each partition.

If it cannot allocate enough memory, the Integration Service fails the session. For best performance, configure Sorter cache size with a value less than or equal to the amount of available physical RAM on the Integration Service machine. Allocate at least 16 MB (16,777,216 bytes) of physical memory to sort data using the Sorter transformation. Sorter cache size is set to 16,777,216 bytes by default.

If the amount of incoming data is greater than the amount of Sorter cache size, the Integration Service temporarily stores data in the Sorter transformation work directory. The Integration Service requires disk space of at least twice the amount of incoming data when storing data in the work directory. If the amount of incoming data is significantly greater than the Sorter cache size, the Integration Service may require much more than twice the amount of disk space available to the work directory.

Use the following formula to determine the size of incoming data:

number_of_input_rows [(no column X column_size) + 16]

Datatype Column size
Binary precision + 8 Round to nearest multiple of 8
Date/Time 29
Decimal, high precision off (all precision) 16
Decimal, high precision on (precision <=18) 24
Decimal, high precision on (precision >18, <=28) 32
Decimal, high precision on (precision >28) 16
Decimal, high precision on (negative scale) 16
Double 16
Real 16
 Integer 16
 Small integer 16
 Bigint 16
 NString, NText, String, Text Unicode mode: 2*(precision + 5)ASCII mode: precision + 9

The column sizes include the bytes required for a null indicator. To increase performance for the sort operation, the Integration Service aligns all data for the Sorter transformation memory on an 8-byte boundary. Each Sorter column includes rounding to the nearest multiple of eight.

The Integration Service also writes the row size and amount of memory the Sorter transformation uses to the session log when you configure the Sorter transformation tracing level to Normal.

Case Sensitive in Sorter Transformation

The Case Sensitive property determines whether the Integration Service considers case when sorting data. When you enable the Case Sensitive property, the Integration Service sorts uppercase characters higher than lowercase characters.

Check here for Informatica lookup transformation properties.

Work Directory

You must specify a work directory the Integration Service uses to create temporary files while it sorts data. After the Integration Service sorts the data, it deletes the temporary files. You can specify any directory on the Integration Service machine to use as a work directory. By default, the Integration Service uses the value specified for the $PMTempDir process variable.

When you partition a session with a Sorter transformation, you can specify a different work directory for each partition in the pipeline. To increase session performance, specify work directories on physically separate disks on the Integration Service system.

Distinct Output Rows

You can configure the Sorter transformation to treat output rows as distinct. If you configure the Sorter transformation for distinct output rows, the Mapping Designer configures all ports as part of the sort key. The Integration Service discards duplicate rows compared during the sort operation.

Tracing Level

Configure the Sorter transformation tracing level to control the number and type of Sorter error and status messages the Integration Service writes to the session log. At Normal tracing level, the Integration Service writes the size of the row passed to the Sorter transformation and the amount of memory the Sorter transformation allocates for the sort operation. The Integration Service also writes the time and date when it passes the first and last input rows to the Sorter transformation.

If you configure the Sorter transformation tracing level to Verbose Data, the Integration Service writes the time the Sorter transformation finishes passing all data to the next transformation in the pipeline. The Integration Service also writes the time to the session log when the Sorter transformation releases memory resources and removes temporary files from the work directory.

Null Treated Low

You can configure the way the Sorter transformation treats null values. Enable this property if you want the Integration Service to treat null values as lower than any other value when it performs the sort operation.

Disable this option if you want the Integration Service to treat null values as higher than any other value.

Transformation Scope

The transformation scope specifies how the Integration Service applies the transformation logic to incoming data.

Transaction. Applies the transformation logic to all rows in a transaction. Choose Transaction when a row of data depends on all rows in the same transaction, but does not depend on rows in other transactions.

All Input. Applies the transformation logic on all incoming data. When you choose All Input, the PowerCenter drops incoming transaction boundaries. Choose All Input when a row of data depends on all rows in the source.

Too much theory :) !!!.

I hope you enjoyed this informatica tutorial on Informatica Sorter Transformation properties.

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Alisha Lamba

Hello Friends , I am Alisha Lamba .I love to write article on latest technologies like Informatica , ETL , data warehouse , SQL-PL SQL
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